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J Herbmed Pharmacol. 2022;11: 330-338.
doi: 10.34172/jhp.2022.38
  Abstract View: 198
  PDF Download: 101

Review

Stellaria media Linn.: A comprehensive review highlights the nutritional, phytochemistry, and pharmacological activities

Ridhima Singh 1 ORCID logo, Mansi Chaudhary 1 ORCID logo, Ekta Singh Chauhan 2* ORCID logo

1 Research Scholar, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Banasthali Vidyapith, Tonk, Rajasthan-304022, India
2 Associate Professor, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Banasthali Vidyapith, Tonk, Rajasthan-304022, India
*Corresponding Author: *Corresponding author: Ekta Singh Chauhan, Email: , Email: eschauhan266@gmail.com

Abstract

Stellaria media Linn., a member of the family Caryophyllaceae, is generally known by the name of Chickweed. This plant is extensively cultivated globally and is inherent to Africa, Asia, China, Europe, and North America. It is a well-known medicinal plant with immense therapeutic uses. Nutritional studies have revealed the presence of protein, especially 16 amino acids, vitamins, and minerals such as calcium, iron, phosphorus, and zinc. Phytochemicals, mainly flavonoids, isoflavonoids, saponins, tannins, alkaloids, phenolic acids, triterpenoids, phenolic compounds, and anthraquinone are present in chickweed. It has multiple therapeutic potentials like anti-obesity, anti-diabetic, anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-leishmanial, anti-anxiety, and toxicity profiles. The crude extracts and their metabolites did not show any toxicity in the experimental animal. This review summarizes the nutritional, phytochemical, pharmacological, and toxicity studies on this plant concerning its future use in pharmacological drugs.
Keywords: Stellaria media Linn., Caryophyllaceae, Phytochemicals, Amino acids, Toxicity, Anti-obesity

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education: This review is aimed to provide the nutritional, phytochemistry, and pharmacological activities of Stellaria media Linn. The findings revealed the presence of protein, vitamins, minerals, and secondary metabolites such as flavonoids, phenolic compounds, saponins, alkaloids, pentasaccharides, phlobatannins, and sitosterol. Extract and compounds displayed various pharmacological activities such as anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, anti-obesity, anti-diabetic, anti-oxidant, anti-anxiety, antileishmanial, and anti-hepatitis. Please cite this paper as: Singh R, Chaudhary M, Chauhan ES. Stellaria media Linn.: A comprehensive review highlights the nutritional, phytochemistry, and pharmacological activities. J Herbmed Pharmacol. 2022;11(3):330-338. doi: 10.34172/ jhp.2022.38.
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Submitted: 26 Feb 2022
Revision: 01 Apr 2022
Accepted: 04 Apr 2022
ePublished: 25 Jun 2022
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