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J Herbmed Pharmacol. 2021;10(3): 339-343.
doi: 10.34172/jhp.2021.39
  Abstract View: 358
  PDF Download: 181

Original Article

Macrostachyols A-D, oligostilbenes from Gnetum macrostachyum inhibited in vitro human platelet aggregation

Serm Surapinit 1* ORCID logo, Nuttakorn Baisaeng 2 ORCID logo

1 Unit of Excellence in Integrative Molecular Biomedicine, School of Allied Health Sciences, University of Phayao, Phayao 56000, Thailand
2 Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Phayao, Phayao 56000, Thailand

Abstract

Introduction: Gnetum macrostachyum is a known Thai medicinal plant as a source of bioactive oligostilbenes, which possess platelet inhibitory activities. The study aimed to evaluate the in vitro human platelet aggregation inhibitory activities of macrostachyols A-D (compounds 1-4) isolated from the roots of G. macrostachyum. Methods: The in vitro human platelet aggregation assay was assayed with a 96-well microtiter plate format. The well-known aggregating agents were used to investigate the possible mechanism of inhibition, including adenosine diphosphate (ADP), arachidonic acid (AA), thromboxane A2 analog (U-46619), collagen, thrombin, and thrombin receptor-activating peptide-6 (TRAP-6). Results: Compound 1 was more potent than ibuprofen (positive control) on the adenosine diphosphate- induced platelet aggregation assay (P < 0.05). Compound 3 was more potent than 1, 2, and 4 (P < 0.05), but all active oligostilbenes were less potent than the positive control (P < 0.05) on the arachidonic acid-induced platelet aggregation assay. The oligostilbenes 1, 2, 3, and 4 also displayed the inhibitory effects on the U-46619-induced platelet aggregation. The tetrameric stilbenes 1 was the only compound that exhibited inhibitory effects on thrombin-induced platelet aggregation without TRAP-6 mediated platelet aggregation. Conclusion: The findings revealed the inhibitory effects of oligostilbenes on human platelet aggregation through a target-specific experimental design. It suggests that oligostilbenes from this plant might be applied as antiplatelet aggregation agents in platelet hyperreactivity- related diseases.
Keywords: Gnetum, Stilbenes, Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors, Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors, Oligostilbenes
Introduction: Gnetum macrostachyum is a known Thai medicinal plant as a source of bioactive oligostilbenes, which possess platelet inhibitory activities. The study aimed to evaluate the in vitro human platelet aggregation inhibitory activities of macrostachyols A-D (compounds 1-4) isolated from the roots of G. macrostachyum. Methods: The in vitro human platelet aggregation assay was assayed with a 96-well microtiter plate format. The well-known aggregating agents were used to investigate the possible mechanism of inhibition, including adenosine diphosphate (ADP), arachidonic acid (AA), thromboxane A2 analog (U-46619), collagen, thrombin, and thrombin receptor-activating peptide-6 (TRAP-6). Results: Compound 1 was more potent than ibuprofen (positive control) on the adenosine diphosphate- induced platelet aggregation assay (P < 0.05). Compound 3 was more potent than 1, 2, and 4 (P < 0.05), but all active oligostilbenes were less potent than the positive control (P < 0.05) on the arachidonic acid-induced platelet aggregation assay. The oligostilbenes 1, 2, 3, and 4 also displayed the inhibitory effects on the U-46619-induced platelet aggregation. The tetrameric stilbenes 1 was the only compound that exhibited inhibitory effects on thrombin-induced platelet aggregation without TRAP-6 mediated platelet aggregation. Conclusion: The findings revealed the inhibitory effects of oligostilbenes on human platelet aggregation through a target-specific experimental design. It suggests that oligostilbenes from this plant might be applied as antiplatelet aggregation agents in platelet hyperreactivity- related diseases.
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Submitted: 09 Feb 2021
Revision: 27 Mar 2021
Accepted: 28 Mar 2021
ePublished: 02 Jul 2021
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