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J Herbmed Pharmacol. 2021;10(3): 281-288.
doi: 10.34172/jhp.2021.32
  Abstract View: 291
  PDF Download: 347

Review

Medicinal importance of Kaempferia galanga L. (Zingiberaceae): A comprehensive review

Aswin Rafif Khairullah 1 ORCID logo, Tridiganita Intan Solikhah 2* ORCID logo, Arif Nur Muhammad Ansori 1 ORCID logo, Ristag Hamida Hanisia 3 ORCID logo, Gavrila Amadea Puspitarani 4 ORCID logo, Amaq Fadholly 1 ORCID logo, Sancaka Cashyer Ramandinianto 5 ORCID logo

1 Doctoral Program in Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
2 Division of Veterinary Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
3 Master Program in Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences and Technology, Bandung Institute of Technology, Indonesia
4 Infectious Diseases and One Health, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and the Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland
5 Master Program in Veterinary Disease and Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Abstract

Kaempferia galanga included in the Zingiberaceae family is one of the potential medicinal plants with aromatic rhizome. In traditional medicine in Asian countries, this plant is widely used by local practitioners. This plant is widely cultivated in most Southeast Asian countries such as Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia. Ethyl-para-methoxycinnamate and ethyl-cinnamate are found as the main compounds in hexane, dichloromethane, and methanol extracts of K. galanga. This plant is traditionally used as an expectorant, stimulant, diuretic, carminative, and antipyretic remedy. In addition, K. galanga is used for treatment of diabetes, hypertension, cough, asthma, joint fractures, rheumatism, urticaria, vertigo, and intestinal injuries. Therefore, this study aimed to give a sneak peek view on galangal’s ethnobotany, toxicology, pharmacology, and phytochemistry.
Keywords: Zingiberaceae, Kaempferia galanga, Phytochemistry, Medicine, Pharmacology
This review offers a comprehensive insight into the phytochemical, pharmacological, therapeutic activities, and safety of Kaempferia galanga and demonstrates that it can be used as a reliable source for the preparation of new drugs.
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Submitted: 04 Feb 2021
Revision: 23 Mar 2021
Accepted: 26 Mar 2021
ePublished: 01 Jul 2021
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