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J Herbmed Pharmacol. 2021;10(3): 313-318.
doi: 10.34172/jhp.2021.36
  Abstract View: 183
  PDF Download: 193

Original Article

In vitro evaluation of selligueain A effects on the proinflammatory mediators production in RAW264.7 murine macrophages

Deden Winda Suwandi 1,2* ORCID logo, Tina Rostnawati 3, Muchtaridi Muchtaridi 4 ORCID logo, Anas Subarnas 1* ORCID logo

1 Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor, Sumedang, Indonesia
2 Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Garut, Garut, Indonesia
3 Department of Pharmaceutical Biology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor, Sumedang, Indonesia
4 Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis and Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor, Sumedang, Indonesia

Abstract

Introduction: Selligueain A derived from the roots of Polypodium feei was shown to have anti-inflammatory activity, which was tested in vivo on the rats’ paw edema induced by carrageenan. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory mechanism of selligueain A in vitro against the production of pro-inflammatory mediators. Methods: In this study, RAW264.7 cells were used as an inflammatory cell model, and observations were made on the inflammatory mediators nitric oxide (NO), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). The NO concentration was measured by the Griess reaction, and the iNOS enzyme and the TNF-α concentrations were determined by the ELISA method. Cell viability was assessed by the [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium] (MTS) test. Results: Selligueain A at concentrations of 100 and 150 µM suppressed the production of NO, iNOS, and TNF-α in RAW264.7 cells stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The concentration of 150 µM showed the highest inhibition of NO, iNOS, and TNF-α mediators with the percentage inhibition of 64.85, 55.01, and 48.54%, respectively. Conclusion: This study shows that selligueain A has anti-inflammatory activity through inhibition of NO, iNOS, and TNF-α production in RAW264.7 macrophage cells.
Keywords: Polypodium feei, Shellegueain A, In vitro, Anti-inflammatory activity
Selligueain A of the P. feei roots had anti-inflammatory activity through the inhibition of the production of inflammatory mediators, NO, iNOS, and TNF-α. The results will encourage further researches to complement scientific evidence regarding the efficacy of Selligueain A, as an anti-inflammatory agent.
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Submitted: 22 Oct 2020
Revision: 17 Mar 2021
Accepted: 20 Apr 2021
ePublished: 02 Jul 2021
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