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J Herbmed Pharmacol. 2021;10(3): 269-280.
doi: 10.34172/jhp.2021.31
  Abstract View: 274
  PDF Download: 309

Review

Arundo donax L.: An overview on its traditional and ethnomedicinal importance, phytochemistry, and pharmacological aspects

Pardeep Kumar 1 ORCID logo, Sarvjeet Singh 1 ORCID logo, Aakash Sharma 1 ORCID logo, Gunjot Kaur 1 ORCID logo, Ravneet Kaur 1 ORCID logo, Anand Narain Singh 1* ORCID logo

1 Soil Ecosystem and Restoration Ecology Lab, Department of Botany, Panjab University, Chandigarh-160014, India

Abstract

Arundo donax L. (Giant reed) is a grass species belong to Poaceae family with a myriad of uses such as traditional and ethnomedicinal values, bioenergy, and socio-economic importance. The plant is used in conventional medicine to treat various disorders related to skin, gastrointestinal, skeletal, menstrual problems, respiratory and urinary diseases. The present review summarises the scattered information on socio-economic importance, ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological aspects of this plant. We conducted a rigorous literature survey using databases such as Scopus, Science Direct, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and PubMed entering keywords like A. donax, Giant reed, and Spanish reed, etc. Phytochemical investigations have identified several alkaloids, terpenoids, sterols, phenolics, and lignin derivatives. The isolated phytoconstituents are reported to exhibit multiple pharmacological activities such as anti-bacterial, anti-oxidant, anti-proliferative, anti-spasmolytic, and also used to treat helminthic infestations in cattle. However, the scientific validity of traditional practices to cure various diseases has not been correctly evaluated yet. Therefore, it is recommended to further investigate the plant for clinical trials to unleash its therapeutic importance towards chemical characterisation for drug discovery and development in the pharmacological field.
Keywords: Arundo donax, Ethnomedicinal values, Pharmacology, Phytochemistry, Giant reed
This review article summarised the scattered information on socio-economic importance, ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological aspects of Arundo donax, which are the baseline information for future work and further exploration of the therapeutic potential of this plant.
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Abstract View: 274

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Submitted: 30 Sep 2020
Revision: 12 Jan 2021
Accepted: 12 Jan 2021
ePublished: 01 Jul 2021
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