J Herbmed Pharmacol. 2016;5(1):39-44.
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  PDF Download: 2946

Review

Overview of medicinal plants used for cardiovascular system disorders and diseases in ethnobotany of different areas in Iran

Babak Baharvand-Ahmadi 1, Mahmoud Bahmani 2 * , Zohreh Eftekhari 3, Mahyar Jelodari 4, Mahmoud Mirhoseini 5

1 Razi Herbal Medicines Research Center & Madani Heart Hospital, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
2 Food and Beverages Safety Research Center, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
3 Production and Research Complex, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran
4 Faculty of Veterinary, University of Urmia, Urmia, Iran
5 Medical Plants Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran

Abstract

Background and Aims: Today, cardiovascular diseases are the prominent cause of death in industrialized countries which include a variety of diseases such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, thromboembolism, coronary heart disease, heart failure, etc. Recent research findings haveshown that not only the extent of cultivation and production of medicinal plants have not beenreduced, but also day-to-day production and consumption have increased. In traditional botanicalknowledge, herbal medicines are used for the treatment of cardiovascular disorders. In this study,we sought to gather and report medicinal plants used to treat these diseases in different regionsof Iran.Methods: The articles published about ethnobotanical study of cardiovascular diseases in variousregions of Iran, such as Arasbaran, Sistan, Kashan, Kerman, Isfahan Mobarakeh, Lorestan andIlam were prepared and summarized.Results: The results of ethnobotanical studies of various regions of Iran, such as Arasbaran, Sistan,Kashan, Kerman, Isfahan Mobarakeh, Lorestan and Ilam were gathered. The results showed thatsumac plants, barberry, yarrow, wild cucumber, horsetail, Eastern grape, hawthorn, wild rose,spinach, jujube, buckwheat, chamomile, chicory, thistle, Mary peas, nightshade, verbena, sorrel ,cherry, citrullus colocynthis, Peganum harmala, sesame and so many other plants are used for thetreatment of cardiovascular diseases and disorders.Conclusion: Herbal medicines are used effectively for some cardiovascular diseases. Rigoroustraining of patients to take precautions and drug interactions into account and to avoid thearbitrary use of medicinal plants is very important.
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Revised: 12 Aug 2015
First published online: 06 Dec 2015
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