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A systematic review of herbal medicines to improve the sexual function of menopausal women

Tanya Koliji 1 ORCID logo, Zohre Keshavarz 1 ORCID logo, Elham Zare 1* ORCID logo, Faraz Mojab 2 ORCID logo, Malihe Nasiri 3 ORCID logo

1 Midwifery and Reproductive Health Research Center, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Sexual function is one of the most important aspects of menopausal women, and its disorder is a common condition among this group of women. The long-term side effects of hormone replacement therapy to improve this disorder have led women to seek alternative therapies. The purpose of this review is to summarize clinical trials of herbal medicines that improve the sexual function of menopausal women. In this review article, the content was searched in 6 databases to identify double- and triple-blind clinical trial studies from January 2000 to April 2020. The search was conducted in English and Persian. Studies were considered if they were related to menopausal woman, sexual function and its various domains. A total of 479 articles were reviewed, 31 of which were included in the study after reviewing the full text. In this study, 3 articles on ginseng, 4 articles on fennel, 2 articles on Fenugreek, 3 articles on bindii, 3 articles on Red clover, 1 article on Schisandra, 2 articles on Hops; 3 articles about Black cohosh, 2 articles about soy, 2 articles about Ginkgo biloba, 1 article about Nigella sativa, 1 article about neroli oil, 1 article about maca, 1 article about Date pollen, 1 article about Aphrodite and 1 article on the combination of St John’s wort and vitex were evaluated. Red ginseng, fennel, bindii, Red clover and Black cohosh have the greatest effect on improving the sexual function of menopausal women, and people can be encouraged to use these plants.
Keywords: Complementary medicine, Herbal remedies, Menopause, Sexual activity
This review article presented useful information about herbal medicine to improve sexual function, which could help pharmacists and scientists in the provision of new drugs.
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Submitted: 03 Jun 2020
Revision: 16 Aug 2020
Accepted: 16 Aug 2020
ePublished: 20 Oct 2020
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