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Original Article

Evaluating the effect of Matricaria chamomilla and Melissa officinalis on pain intensity and satisfaction with pain management in patients after orthopedic surgery

Reza Saidi 1 ORCID logo, Haydeh Heidari 2* ORCID logo, Morteza Sedehi 3 ORCID logo, Behrouz Safdarian 4

1 Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
2 Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Modeling in Health Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
3 Modeling in Health Research Center and Faculty of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
4 Orthopedic Specialist, Medical School, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: The most important compliant of post-operative orthopedic patients is severe and intolerable pain. This pain has negative impacts on patient’s satisfaction with pain management and bone healing after surgery. This study was conducted with the aim of evaluating the effects of Melissa officinalis (Melissa) tea and Matricaria chamomilla (Chamomile) tea on pain intensity and satisfaction with pain management in patients after lower limb orthopedic surgery.

Methods: This was a randomized controlled trial conducted on 96 patients after lower limb orthopedic surgery in Ayatollah Kashani hospital of Shahrekord city, Iran. Patients were randomized to M. officinalis, Chamomile and control groups with blocking randomization method. For M. officinalis group, 1 g of Melissa tea, for Chamomile group 1 g chamomile tea and for control group black tea was prescribed 3 times a day. Study variables were evaluated before and 30 min after each stage of intervention and then the mean changes of pain intensity and satisfaction before interventions and after each step of intervention were compared between groups. Significance level was considered as P<0.05.

Results: Before intervention, the mean scores of pain intensity and satisfaction with pain management had no significance difference between groups. The mean changes of pain intensity and satisfaction with pain management (after first 3 steps of intervention) in M. officinalis and M. chamomilla groups were significantly greater than the ones in control group (P<0.05).

Conclusion: Prescription of M. officinalis tea or Chamomile tea might be used as effective remedy for reducing pain and increasing satisfaction with pain management after orthopedic surgery.

Keywords: pain, satisfaction with pain management, Melissa officinalis, Matricaria chamomilla

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education: This research showed the positive effects of Melissa officinalis and Matricaria chamomilla on pain intensity and satisfaction with pain management in patients after orthopedic surgery. Hence, the use of these plants might be beneficial in these patients.

Please cite this paper as: Saidi R, Heidari H, Sedehi M, Safdarian B. Evaluating the effect of Matricaria chamomilla and Melissa officinalis on pain intensity and satisfaction with pain management in patients after orthopedic surgery. J Herbmed Pharmacol. 2020;9(4):339-345. doi: 10.34172/jhp.2020.45.

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Submitted: 07 Jan 2020
Accepted: 06 Apr 2020
ePublished: 01 Jul 2020
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