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J Herbmed Pharmacol. 2020;9(2): 86-104.
doi: 10.34172/jhp.2020.13
  Abstract View: 18

Review

Phytochemistry and therapeutic effects of Alhagi spp. and tarangabin in the Traditional and modern medicine: a review

Amir Parviz Tavassoli 1 ORCID logo, Majid Anushiravani 1 ORCID logo, Seyed Mousalreza Hoseini 2 ORCID logo, Zahra Nikakhtar 1 ORCID logo, Hamideh Naghedi Baghdar 1 ORCID logo, Mahin Ramezani 3 ORCID logo, Zahra Ayati 4 ORCID logo, Mohammad Sadegh Amiri 5 ORCID logo, Amirhossein Sahebkar 6, 7, 8 ORCID logo, Seyed Ahmad Emami 4 * ORCID logo

1 Department of Persian Medicine, School of Persian and Complementary Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2 Department of Gastroenterology, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3 Biotechnology Research Center, Pharmaceutical Technology Institute, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
4 Department of Traditional Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
5 Department of Biology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
6 Halal Research Center of IRI, FDA, Tehran, Iran
7 Biotechnology Research Center, Pharmaceutical Technology Institute, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
8 Neurogenic Inflammation Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract

Alhagi maurorum is one of the species of Alhagi genus that produces manna of Tarangabin. Tarangabin is mainly obtained from Iran and Afghanistan. Medicinal properties of Tarangabin and A. maurorum have been mentioned in some major Materia Medica manuscripts in Islamic era. According to the findings of modern pharmacological studies, it exhibited various pharmacological properties including: antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant, analgesic and gastrointestinal effects. The purpose of this study is to introduce Alhagi plant and different species, geographical distribution and review its phytochemical and pharmacological properties as well as traditional and folklore claims. Phytochemistry of different parts of Alhagi, such as root, limb, leaf, and manna are explained by detail, as well. In addition, temperament and medicinal uses of Tarangabin which is mentioned in Islamic Traditional Medicine (ITM) books were presented. Of course, little researches have been done about its properties in clinical researches. As a result, this study can suggest new pharmacological and clinical researches, especially on the unknown pharmacological properties of this plant.
Keywords: Alhagi, Tarangabin, Fabaceae, Islamic Traditional Medicine, khareshotor, Camel thorn
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Submitted: 27 Nov 2018
Revision: 12 Mar 2019
Accepted: 05 Apr 2019
ePublished: 21 Feb 2020
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