J Herbmed Pharmacol. 2018;7(2):74-78.
doi: 10.15171/jhp.2018.13

Scopus id: 85045023108
  Abstract View: 132
  PDF Download: 114

Original Article

Bioactivity guided isolation of apigenin from Stachys lavandulifolia Vahl. in mice with anxiolytic effects

Mohammad Rabbani 1, Seyed-Ebrahim Sajjadi 2, Masoumeh Karimi-Firozjai 1, Mostafa Ghannadian 2, 3 *

1 Department of Pharmacology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3 Isfahan Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Centre, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Stachys lavandulifolia is traditionally used for the treatment of anxiety. Our previous study showed that the ethyl acetate fraction of the plant had substantial anxiolytic action in mice. The present study was aimed to investigate the main constituent responsible for the observed effects. Methods: Ethyl acetate extract was fractionated using column chromatography. Yielded fractions (FR1-4) at 50 mg/kg, and diazepam at 0.5 mg/kg were tested on the elevated plus-maze (EPM). Bioactive fraction was subjected to more purification on repeated chromatography columns. The isolated compound was identified based on 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, and ESI-Mass spectra. Results: In the time spent in open arm, Fr1, and Fr3 did not show any significant effect on mice behavior, Fr2 marginally decreased the percentage of spent time by -8.4%, and Fr4 significant increased in the time spent in the open arms by 15.7%. In the open arm entry number Fr1, and Fr2 did not show any significant effect on mice behavior, Fr3 marginally increased the percentage of open arm entries by 7.9 %, and Fr4 significantly increased the open arm entry by 18.2%. The bioactive fraction (Fr.4) was subjected to more purification. Phytochemical analysis of Fr4 lead to the identification of 4’,5,7-trihydroxyflavon (apigenin). Conclusion: Semi-polar sub-fraction of S. lavandulifolia showed anxiolytic effects by increased time spent and the entry numbers in the open arms comparable to diazepam in the EPM model in mice. Bioactivity-guided isolation leads to the characterization of apigenin with flavone structure as its active constituent. Hence, it might be introduced as a new anxiolytic agent.
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Submitted: 24 Aug 2017
Revised: 07 Oct 2017
Accepted: 20 Mar 2018
First published online: 20 Mar 2018
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